Shen Yang 2013 Quan Yun Hui Wen Yu Zhong Xin Ji Bi Sai Hui Chang - 沈阳2013全运会文娱中心及比赛会场
Shen Yang 2013 Quan Yun Hui Wen Yu Zhong Xin Ji Bi Sai Hui Chang 1 - 沈阳2013全运会文娱中心及比赛会场
Shen Yang 2013 Quan Yun Hui Wen Yu Zhong Xin Ji Bi Sai Hui Chang 2 - 沈阳2013全运会文娱中心及比赛会场
ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT

The site for this project is located at the heart of downtown Shenyang. Adjacent to Zhongshan Park, it is a connector between the natural and urban life of the city, making it a perfect location for a sports complex and for a National Games Arena. The facility has a total built area of 123,000 square meters.Our project is based on creating an artificial landscape for sports activities while also creating an icon for the Games. The roof of the Civic Recreation Center and Swimming Arena are interconnected to make this continuous, differentiated sports landscape connecting Park to city with cascading sports fields, pathways, and open space. This landscape features Soccer fields, basketball courts, tennis, badminton, and volleyball courts at various levels.

Shen Yang 2013 Quan Yun Hui Wen Yu Zhong Xin Ji Bi Sai Hui Chang 3 - 沈阳2013全运会文娱中心及比赛会场
The National Games Arena is located on the West end of the site– an iconic figure against the relaxed background of the sports landscape. This building is a symbol of both the Games and the new status of Shenyang as a top-ten Chinese provincial capital and international city. The architecture is based on crystal patterning found in nature at all scales. The design features large membrane bubble windows with views out to the Park and the city. The patterning of the windows spreads out onto the metal panel facades of the building, erupting as zones of solar panels on the roof.

Shen Yang 2013 Quan Yun Hui Wen Yu Zhong Xin Ji Bi Sai Hui Chang 4 - 沈阳2013全运会文娱中心及比赛会场
THE NATIONAL GAMES ARENA BUILDING

The National Games Arena building has its main entry from the Civic Square, but it can also be entered via bridges from the sports landscape on various levels. The arena is designed for 2,000 fixed seats above the mezzanine level and 2,000 removable seats below. With the lower seats removed, massive events can be held in the 40M x 70M space such as NBA games, Disney on Ice, international conferences, or rock concerts. The other sports functions in the building such as basketball, volleyball, and badminton courts are arranged like a gymnasium rather than in separate rooms. This also allows maximum flexibility of use.

Shen Yang 2013 Quan Yun Hui Wen Yu Zhong Xin Ji Bi Sai Hui Chang 5 - 沈阳2013全运会文娱中心及比赛会场
THE CIVIC RECREATION CENTER AND SWIMMING ARENA BUILDING

These two buildings are combined into a lively multi-storey complex where people can engage in sports indoors at all times of the year. The Swimming Arena is located to the west end of the complex, nestled underneath the cascading sports landscape. All pools are contained within a grand open space making it a memorable and urban swimming experience. It can be entered either from the South Façade or from the Civic Square.The recreation center is located adjacent to the Park, and has entries from the north, west, and south. It is organized by a passageway which connects the sides of the site together into a network. Sports activities are located on one of four levels, in clear groups for ease of orientation. Skylights daylight the interior spaces and offer views of people playing sports outside. Ground level functions such as galleries and restaurants cater to the general public, making the space a community center as much as a sports center.

Shen Yang 2013 Quan Yun Hui Wen Yu Zhong Xin Ji Bi Sai Hui Chang 6 - 沈阳2013全运会文娱中心及比赛会场
STRUCTURE AND MATERIALS

The Recreation Center and Swimming Arenas will be constructed out of reinforced concrete frame and slab construction for economy. Certain areas such as the pools and large gaming courts will feature column-less spaces and increased beam depth. Other spaces will relax back into a 7M x 7M economical grid spacing. This column grid will be carried all the way down through the parking garage in the basement.

The National Games Arena will be constructed out of reinforced concrete, concrete walls, and steel frame. The long span roof will be made from deep sculptured beams which will be stabilized by interior armatures. These beams will also contain the mechanical systems of the space. The opaque skin of the building will be aluminum panel, featuring thin-film solar technology in roof areas. The transparent areas will be made of ETFE bubbles, which are pressurized with air. This system is extremely lightweight compared to glazing, and therefore requires minimal structure to support it. In order to reduce solar gain in summer and heat-loss in winter, we propose to exchange patches of the transparent ETFE bubbles with translucent bubbles consisting of multiple layers of ETFE insulated with aero gel or other high-performance insulation.

Shen Yang 2013 Quan Yun Hui Wen Yu Zhong Xin Ji Bi Sai Hui Chang 7 - 沈阳2013全运会文娱中心及比赛会场
About EMERGENT

EMERGENT, an internationally recognized design office operating at the forefront of digital design since 1999. The office’s work is driven by models of biology and computation as well as by contemporary design sensibilities. EMERGENT’s work stands out in terms of its synthesis of form, pattern, color, and technology. In particular, EMERGENT is known for its ability to blend aesthetic and engineering issues into singular, irreducible constructions.

EMERGENT’s work questions the dialectic of excess and efficiency in architecture, in favor of a more complex understanding of both through biological thinking. The cyclical process of mutation and selection in nature provides a model for making architecture which is ecological in the broadest sense of the word. This feedback logic is lived in the office through ‘messy computation’, which involves custom digital workflows designed to deal with heterogeneous inputs, anomalies, and performance criteria. Our interest is, however, not in promoting particular design techniques, but rather in the formal, spatial, and atmospheric effects produced at the back end.

EMERGENT has developed an international reputation through competitions entries, exhibitions of work at major institutions, and publications in over 250 books and magazines in 50 countries. ICON Magazine, in its May 2009 issue, named Principal Tom Wiscombe one of the “top 20 architects in the world who are making the future and transforming the way we work”.

Shen Yang 2013 Quan Yun Hui Wen Yu Zhong Xin Ji Bi Sai Hui Chang 8 - 沈阳2013全运会文娱中心及比赛会场
About Tom Wiscombe

Tom Wiscombe is a licensed architect living in the United States. He is founder and principal of EMERGENT, an internationally recognized design office operating at the forefront of digital design since 1999. EMERGENT’s work stands out in terms of its synthesis of form, pattern, color, and technology. In 2009, ICON Magazine named Principal Tom Wiscombe one of the “top 20 architects in the world who are making the future and transforming the way we work”.

Tom is a senior faculty member at the Southern California Institute of Architecture (SCI-Arc). He teaches in the M.Arch II and Emerging Systems and Technologies programs, both focused on experimental digital design. He is currently Applied Studies Coordinator, in charge of curriculum building and faculty recruitment.

Previously, Tom worked for Coop Himmelblau, where he was the right hand of Principal Wolf Prix for over 10 years. Notably, he was Project Partner and Chief Office Designer for BMW Welt (Munich), known as one of the most important works of architecture of the 21st century.In 2008, Tom founded Crystalline RP, a company that specializes in design and rapid prototyping for the motion picture, automotive, and aerospace industries.

Tom began his career as an intern at NASA’s Goddard Spaceflight Center, where his father is Chief Scientist.

Shen Yang 2013 Quan Yun Hui Wen Yu Zhong Xin Ji Bi Sai Hui Chang 9 - 沈阳2013全运会文娱中心及比赛会场
项目位于沈阳市核心区域,毗邻中山公园,介于自然与城市生活交接处,这无疑是全运会场馆的最佳地点。

总面积达到12.3万平米。

建筑师在为全运会创造一个标志性建筑物的同时也创造出了一个“景观”。部分建筑屋顶相关连,不同功能分区的建筑通过不同的方式相连,让人一目了然。这些联系在中山公园和各种公共空间中穿插。并设有室外球场:足球,篮球,排球,羽毛球和网球场。

建筑位于场地西侧,有着惬意的背景风景。这将是沈阳的十大标志性国际性建筑。建筑构架灵感来自自然界中的水晶。这些类似的泡泡状棱面是观景窗,扩散到最后与外表皮的金属板连接,并有一部分作为太阳能电池。

Shen Yang 2013 Quan Yun Hui Wen Yu Zhong Xin Ji Bi Sai Hui Chang 10 - 沈阳2013全运会文娱中心及比赛会场
全运会公共大楼

在建立主入口之外也设立了不同层次的景观桥入口。有2000个上层固定座位和2000个下层移动座位。当底层座位移除时,可以举行NBA比赛(40米乘以70米的赛场)。空间很灵活,还能举行其它比赛如篮球,排球,羽毛球,也可以进行冰上运动,会议,音乐会等活动。

市民娱乐中心和游泳中心

两个建筑组成充满活力,四季开放的复杂构筑物,可从南侧和市民广场方向进入。所有泳池位于西侧一个令人难忘的大空间里。娱乐中心紧邻中山公园,位于场地交通节点节点上,可从北,西,南侧进入建筑。体育功能只占建筑的一部分。建筑内部有天窗采光的室内空间,还有画廊,餐厅等,这是一个社区活动中心。

结构和材料

建筑很经济,为钢筋混凝土结构,配以板材。像泳池和比赛场地的等场所因为使用要求,空间是自由开放的,但是其它的功能场所都采用了7米的柱网,非常经济,特别在用于地下车库的时候(刚好停三辆车。)

建筑使用钢筋混凝土,混凝土,钢材。大跨度的屋顶上有桁架和机械系统,不透明的部分是铝板,还有一部分是太阳能发电板,透明区域是ETFE薄膜,当中填充空气,和玻璃相比非常轻,结构荷载很小。从可持续新和能耗方面考虑,建筑师建议添加一些有高保温性能的薄膜泡。

Shen Yang 2013 Quan Yun Hui Wen Yu Zhong Xin Ji Bi Sai Hui Chang 11 - 沈阳2013全运会文娱中心及比赛会场
涌现组

涌现组成立于1999年,是一个前沿设计事务所,采用生物学及计算机模型设计的方法。涌现组综合条件突出,并能突破建筑工程和美学上常规范畴的束缚,创造出别具一格的作品。

Tom Wiscombe

美国注册建筑师,涌现组的创始人和灵魂人物。同时在南加州建筑学院(SCI-arc)教书。关于涌现组和Tom Wiscombe的更多情况请参见上文英文。

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Shen Yang 2013 Quan Yun Hui Wen Yu Zhong Xin Ji Bi Sai Hui Chang 13 - 沈阳2013全运会文娱中心及比赛会场
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Shen Yang 2013 Quan Yun Hui Wen Yu Zhong Xin Ji Bi Sai Hui Chang 17 - 沈阳2013全运会文娱中心及比赛会场
Shen Yang 2013 Quan Yun Hui Wen Yu Zhong Xin Ji Bi Sai Hui Chang 18 - 沈阳2013全运会文娱中心及比赛会场


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