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Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
化作一块石,永远屹立在这里,面朝大海,迎向夕阳,在气势夺人的暮色中与天地一道变得红彤彤。

Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 1 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 2 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 3 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
Our first religious commission was a wedding chapel conceived to celebrate the first day of a couple’s new life. Our second religious commission had a diametrically opposite purpose: to mourn the passing of loved ones. This premise was the main driving force behind the design, the two had to be complete opposites, they were natural antagonists. While the former praised life, the latter grieved death. Through this game of contrasts all the decisions were made: Glass vs. Concrete, Transparency vs. Solidity, Ethereal vs. Heavy, Classical Proportions vs. Apparent Chaos, Vulnerable vs. Indestructible, Ephemeral vs. Lasting…

Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 4 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
The client brief was pretty simple, almost naïve: First, the chapel had to take full advantage of the spectacular views. Second, the sun had to set exactly behind the altar cross (of course, this is only possible twice a year at the equinoxes). And last but not least, a section with the first phase of crypts had to be included outside and around the chapel. Metaphorically speaking, the mausoleum would be in perfect utopian synchrony with a celestial cycle of continuous renovation.

Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 5 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
Two elements obstructed the principal views: large trees and abundant vegetation, and a behemoth of a boulder blocking the main sight of the sunset. In order to clear these obstructions (blowing up the gigantic rock was absolutely out of the question for ethical, spiritual, environmental and, yes, economical reasons) the level of the chapel had to be raised at least five meters. Since only exotic and picturesque vegetation surrounds this virgin oasis, we strived to make the least possible impact on the site reducing the footprint of the building to nearly half the floor area of the upper level.

Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 6 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
Acapulco’s hills are made up of huge granite rocks piled on top of each other. In a purely mimetic endeavor, we worked hard to make the chapel look like “just another” colossal boulder atop the mountain.

Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 7 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
宗教性委托首先是希望这里作为新婚夫妇新生活开始的地方,第二,与第一完全相反,希望在这里寄托对亲人的思念。完全相反的寄托似乎成为了这个设计的主要驱动力。前者赞美生命,后者哀悼死亡。对立的要素开始碰撞:玻璃与混凝土;透明度与坚实度;虚无与沉重;古典比例与混沌外观;脆弱与坚不可摧;短暂与持久……

委托要求直白简单:首先要充分利用教堂外壮丽的景色。其次,太阳与祭坛的关系要求准确,然后最后一个要求,建筑融入场地。期望是一个与天体运动周期发生关系,乌托邦式的,完美建筑。

Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 8 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
有两个主要的因素阻挡视线:大型的丰富的植被以及庞大的巨石。为了避开这些不利因素(搬开大石头是不可能的,从伦理,精神,环境,经济各方面原因综合考虑),教堂至少需要抬高5米。

这里是一个异域风情,美景如画的处女地,建筑师努力将接地面的面积缩小,减少对场地的影响,并将建筑处理得如同场地中的石头。阿卡普尔科山由巨大的花岗岩形成,建筑里力求将教堂做成“山顶上的巨石教堂。”

Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 9 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 10 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 11 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 12 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 13 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 14 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 15 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 16 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
BNKR Arquitectura

Bunker Arquitectura is a Mexico City-based architecture, urbanism and research office founded by Esteban Suarez in 2005 and partnered by his brother Sebastian Suarez. In their short career they have been able to experience and experiment architecture in the broadest scale possible: from small iconic chapels for private clients to a master plan for an entire city. Bunker´s unconventional approach to architecture has continuously generated public controversy with projects such as a three-kilometer habitable bridge that unites the bay of Acapulco and an inverted skyscraper 300 meters deep in the main square of the historic center of Mexico City.

▼总平面 Site Plan

Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 17 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
▼平面 Floor Plans

Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 18 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
▼剖面 Section

Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 19 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
▼立面 Facades

Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 20 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”
▼立面展开 Cut Out

Ri Luo Jiao Tang Zhe Ge Jian Zhu Shi Yi Ge 120 Ping Fang Mi De Yong Heng 21 - 日落教堂,这个建筑,是一个120平方米的“永恒”


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